Print  |  Send  |   

IBM reports breakthroughs in quantum computing quest

February 29, 2012 // R. Colin Johnson

IBM reports breakthroughs in quantum computing quest

The last major engineering hurdle to quantum computers—millisecond coherence times—has been surmounted by researchers at IBM Research, making commercialization of the technology possible "within our lifetimes," according to Matthias Steffen, manager of IBM's Experimental Quantum Computing group.

Page 1 of 2

Steffen and colleagues at T.J. Watson Research Center described their three breakthroughs Tuesday (February 28) at the annual meeting of the American Physical Society (APS) in Boston.

"Given where we are now with coherence times, our engineers are now turning to the remaining engineering challenges that still need to be addressed before commercialization," said Steffen. "In particular, we need to be very careful about how we design the microwave interfacing to our quantum chips."

The three breakthroughs described by IBM include nearly 0.1 millisecond (95 microseconds) coherence time for a q-bit isolated from its environment inside a 3-D copper waveguide cavity. The second demonstration was of a nearly identical q-bit, but mounted on a 2-D planar substrate, which was able to achieve a 10 microsecond coherence time. And the third breakthrough was demonstration of a 95-to-98 percent success rate for a two q-bit logical operation called a controlled-NOT. The significance here is that a C-NOT gate, together with single q-bit gates, can be configured to perform any quantum computation (in a manner similar to how the NAND gate can be configured to perform any classical computation.)

The basic q-bit repository demonstrated by IBM consisted of a super-cooled Josephson junction consisting of two superconducting electrodes separated by an insulator. A super-cooled capacitor connected the two superconducting electrodes in order to lower the frequency of its operation into a regime that standard measurement equipment can handle todayupwards of 20 GHznecessitating the use of microwave-caliber test electronics.

The construction of the q-bit memories and gates were all performed with micro-fabrication techniques already in common usage for standard silicon chips, making IBM optimistic that it will be able to scale its system architecture up to thousands or even millions of q-bits per chip. As a result, calculations that were once considered impossible to perform can now at least be envisioned.

1 | 2 | Next page

All news

Follow us

Fast, Accurate & Relevant for Design Engineers only!

Technical papers     

Linear video channel


Read more

This month, LabNation is giving away three of its SmartScope open source USB oscilloscopes, worth 229 Euros each, for EETimes Europe's readers to win.

Successfully funded through Kickstarter last year, the SmartScope is claimed to be the world's first test equipment designed to run on multiple operating systems and platforms such as smartphones, tablets and PCs. It is powered directly from...


Design centers     

Infotainment Making HDTV in the car reliable and secure

December 15, 2011 | Texas instruments | 222901974

Unique Ser/Des technology supports encrypted video and audio content with full duplex bi-directional control channel over a single wire interface.


You must be logged in to view this page

Login here :