30V/2A PWM DC/DC converter minimizes EMI noise

February 09, 2017 // By Julien Happich
Ricoh Europe's R1275 is a high-efficiency, 2A synchronous step-down DC/DC converter with a wide input voltage range up to 30V and two options to minimize electromagnetic interference (EMI).

In order to reduce radiated and conducted EMI significantly, the unit uses a Spread Spectrum Clock Generator (SSCG). The idea behind using SSCG is to modulate the clock frequency mildly, which results in spreading the EMI energy amongst many frequencies instead of concentrated at one frequency. This way, the amount of potential interference of the base frequency and its harmonics is reduced considerably. The switching frequency is internally set to 2MHz, but it is also possible to synchronize with another DC/DC Converter by applying an external clock signal from 1.8MHz to 2.2MHz. Especially in case the power supply consists of multiple DC/DC converters, the individual switching frequencies can result in a significant noise in common ground wiring. By synchronizing all DC/DC converters to one frequency, the resulting noise is easier to filter out and will not interfere with the control of the converters.

The R1275 has a special protection for cold cranking conditions. A power supply of automotive electronic systems can be subject to a significant input voltage drop when the engine starts. To ensure that the R1275 is able to maintain its output voltage during such event, the clock signal is lowered linearly to one-fourth of the normal frequency. This will make the on-duty larger than the normal maximum duty, which reduces the voltage difference between input and output. Thus providing continuous operation in cold cranking condition.

Additional safety features include input under- and over-voltage lockout, hiccup overcurrent protection, internal soft-start circuitry, peak current limit, thermal shutdown, output over-voltage and under-voltage protection. A Power- Good pin provides a fault signal when the chip is not ready for normal operation or any of the protection circuits is active. The R1275 comes in a thermally enhanced 5.2x6.2x1.5mm HSOP-18 package for consumer, industrial and automotive applications.

Visit Ricoh at www.e-devices.ricoh.co.jp/en